Still a working progress… but heres where we are at….
There is just such a large quantity of information to include, I (with what little I know compared to the people who work on hips day in and day out) even left a lot out because its just too much for someone to take in if they are not interested or engulfed in the case. There are muscle groups and ranges of motion (ROM) and tests that are done, and just so much to be said for the hip joint. Bottom line is, most of us don’t think twice about it during the day, and completely take it for granted.
I am no doctor, that’s for sure, it is my interest, and I hope to someday be in the surgical field, but for now I have to settle for being the patient (though I must say I have learned a lot). From what my surgeon has told me and from what little knowledge I have (there is just so much out there!) and by providing several links on this page, hopefully you can get a better idea.
Keep in mind that as with anything, it is rarely textbook, meaning that there are always variations. Also, if you are “lucky” enough to have hip problems, or any problem for that matter, its not wise to use the internet to diagnose yourself as there is A LOT of information missing. If you want to read up quickly on the hip check out some of these links. Otherwise I wrote a bit below, in reference to my own situation.
(this is a good question answer with several surgeons)
(this is an awesome site for FAI with videos and everything)
The Hip Joint:
Its like learning a new language, start simple and build. So lets look at the hip joint, a ball and socket joint. You have a concave part (the acetabulum, socket) and a convex part (the femoral head), and they are able to work together forming a stable joint that is strong and able to support body weight. The femur is held into the acetabulum by a thick capsule comprised of ligaments.
The hip has ranges of motion that include flexion (as the knee is brought up toward the chest), extension, adduction (moving toward the midline) and abduction (moving away from the midline), as well as internal and external rotation. Each of these ranges of motion has a muscle group associated with it as well, but I will avoid going into detail on those.
In diagnosing hip conditions articular angles are ofeten used. There are many of these, and they can measure everything from lateral coverage to joint space. There is also the femoral neck angle and versions of the femur. As much as I would love to type what I know about these I am no expert, and it would still take me forever to talk about it, we would be reading this forever.
You also have a structure called the labrum, which follows the outside rim of the socket, and helps to hold the femur in place. It is susceptible to tears and degeneration.
Treatment options include those that are surgical and non- surgical, conservative and not.